The Italian painter Botticelli was one of the major artists in Florence during the Renaissance a period of revived interest in Greek and Roman culture that began in Italy during the fourteenth century.
The Hora of Spring In the centre the newly-born goddess Venus stands nude in a giant scallop shell. Its size is purely imaginary, and is also found in classical depictions of the subject. He is in the air, and carries a young female, who is also blowing, but less forcefully.
Vasari was probably correct in identifying her as "Aura", personification of a lighter breeze. She is one of the three Horae or Hours, Greek minor goddesses of the seasons and of other divisions of time, and attendants of Venus. The floral decoration of her dress suggests she is the Hora of Spring.
However, the roses blown along with the two flying figures would be appropriate for Chloris. The subject is not strictly the "Birth of Venus", a title only given the painting in the nineteenth century though given as the subject by Vasaribut the next scene in her story, where she arrives on land, blown by the wind.
The land probably represents either Cythera or Cyprusboth Mediterranean islands regarded by the Greeks as territories of Venus. Canvas was increasing in popularity, perhaps especially for secular paintings for country villas, which were decorated more simply, cheaply and cheerfully than those for city palazzi, being designed for pleasure more than ostentatious entertainment.
There are a number of pentimenti revealed by modern scientific testing. The Hora originally had "low classical sandals", and the collar on the mantle she holds out is an afterthought. The hair of Venus and the flying couple was changed. There is heavy use of gold as a pigment for highlights, on hair, wings, textiles, the shell and the landscape.
This was all apparently applied after the painting was framed. It was finished with a "cool gray varnish", probably using egg yolk. Parts of some leaves at the top right corner, normally covered by the frame, have been less affected.
Her whole body follows the curve of a Gothic ivory. It is entirely without that quality so much prized in classical art, known as aplomb; that is to say, the weight of the body is not distributed evenly either side of a central plumb line. She is not standing but floating.
Her shoulders, for example, instead of forming a sort of architrave to her torso, as in the antique nude, run down into her arms in the same unbroken stream of movement as her floating hair. Her pose is impossible: The proportions and poses of the winds to the left do not quite make sense, and none of the figures cast shadows.
Their bodies, by an endless intricacy of embrace, sustain the current of movement, which finally flickers down their legs and is dispersed like an electric charge.Greek mythology, body of stories concerning the gods, heroes, and rituals of the ancient caninariojana.com the myths contained a considerable element of fiction was recognized by the more critical Greeks, such as the philosopher Plato in the 5th–4th century caninariojana.com general, however, in the popular piety of the Greeks, the myths were viewed as true accounts.
SANDRO BOTTICELLI, properly Alessandro Di Mariano Dei Filipepi (), Florentine painter, was born at Florence in , in a house in the Via Nuova, Borg' Ognissanti.
This was the home of his father, Mariano di Vanni dei Filipepi, a .
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Click here to read the complete biography of Sandro Botticelli (Alessandro Filipepi). Early life, the complete works, important dates. View Essay - The birth of caninariojana.com from ENGLISH at Houston Community College. Analysis of Sandro Botticelli Art work (The Birth of Venus) Sandro Botticelli, born Alessandro Mariano Filipepi, Find Study Resources. Greek mythology, body of stories concerning the gods, heroes, and rituals of the ancient caninariojana.com the myths contained a considerable element of fiction was recognized by the more critical Greeks, such as the philosopher Plato in the 5th–4th century caninariojana.com general, however, in the popular piety of the Greeks, the myths were viewed as true accounts.