Standard 8 Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention to enhance health.
In this section of the NCLEX-RN examination, you will be expected to demonstrate your knowledge and skills of health promotion and disease prevention in order to: Throughout the years, this definition has changed significantly.
At the current time, the World Health Organization WHO defines health as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
These definitions of health and health promotion have implications for nurses and the health care profession. There are a large number of theories and models that facilitate an understanding of health, illness, and wellness.
Some of these theories and models are very specific and highly concrete and others are more general and more abstract.
Some of these theories and models that nurses find helpful in terms of health, health promotion and illness prevention include: Holistic Models of Health and Wellness Holistic approaches to health and wellness, more consistent with the holistic definition of health put forward by the WHO as just stated, include the beliefs that the bio-psycho-social-spiritual person is in the state of constant dynamic interaction with the environment; changes occurring in any of these aspects create change in all the other aspects of the person and the environment within which the client is.
Adaptation Models Adaptation models and theories of health define health as how well able the client is to adapt and cope with changes. Disease and illness occur when the person is maladapting to the change; and health is promoted when the client is able to cope successfully and in a healthy manner.
Role Performance Models Simply stated, a person is considered in good health and healthy when they are able to fulfill their multiple roles without disruption; and a person is considered ill when they cannot fulfill their roles and responsibilities.
For example, a client who is able to continue to work and to perform their role as a parent is considered healthy and not ill as they manage a chronic disorder such as heart disease or diabetes.
The Health-Illness Continuum The Health-Illness Continuum, put forth by Ryan and Travis, describes health and illness along a continuum with high level health and wellness at one extreme end of this continuum and high levels of illness and poor health, including death itself, at the other extreme end of this continuum.
Neither health nor illness is depicted in the middle of this continuum which is sometimes referred to as the neutral zone. Clients move along the continuum from illness toward health when they are successfully treated; and clients move along the continuum from health to illness as the result of an infection or trauma, for example.
Rather than a continuum, however, the High Level Wellness Model has 2 axes - the horizontal axis and the vertical axis. As these axes cross each other as shown below, four quadrants are formed.
The four resulting quadrants of this model are the: Poor health in an unfavorable environment quadrant Protected poor health in a favorable environment High level wellness in a very favorable environment and Emergent high level wellness in an unfavorable environment Poor health in an unfavorable environment is present when an ill person is in an unhealthy environment.
An example of poor health in an unfavorable environment is when a person with severe immunosuppression is subjected to unsanitary conditions and contaminated drinking water; an example of protected poor health in a favorable environment occurs when a client or a family, for example, has support systems and accessibility to health care services when they are impacted with an illness, disease or disorder; emergent high level wellness in an unfavorable environment can occur when a client is committed to a regular exercise regimen, however, they are unable to do so because of their multiple roles and responsibilities; and, finally, poor health in an unfavorable environment occurs when a client with illness does not have the resources and services that they need to manage and correct their poor health.
The Agent - Host - Environment Model The Agent - Host - Environment Model, developed by Leavell and Clark, describes disease and illness as a function of the dynamic interactions and interrelationships among the agent, the host and the environment.
The Agent - Host - Environment Model is helpful for getting a fuller understanding of diseases and illnesses; however, it is not helpful in terms of health and health promotion. The agent in this model is the factor or force that leads to the disease or disorder.
The agent can be a physical, psychological, social, chemical or mechanical force or factor.
For example, bacteria, an agent, can lead to an infectious disease when the host and the environment interact with it and each other; and toxic chemicals can lead to a disease or disorder when the host and the environment interact with it and each other.
The host is the person that could be affected with a disease or disorder when the client interacts with the agent and the environment interacts with the client and each other. As discussed previously with the Infection Control section, some clients are more susceptible hosts than other clients.
For example, a client's vulnerability and susceptibility to illnesses and diseases increase when they are affected by risk factors associated with the disease or disorder such as gender, age and life style choices.
The environment consists of all factors that are external to the client. Some elements of the environment can place a person at risk for a disease or illness; other environmental factors predispose the person to wellness.
For example, a social stressor, such as the loss of a loved one, predisposes the host for disease and illness; and a physical environmental force, such as healthy noise levels and adequate living conditions can facilitate health. The Systems Model of Neumann The Systems Model of Neumann is based on the premise that the human being, which is an open system within the environment, has natural boundaries to protect it against the stressors in the environment.Field Notes: Rhode Island.
To achieve its year objectives, the Rhode Island Department of Health initiated the Worksite Wellness Council of Rhode Island, which focused on increasing health promotion and disease prevention activities in work sites, where most adults spend the majority of their time.
The Lynch School of Education at Boston College. The Lynch School has a wonderful and distinctive mission: to enhance the human condition, expand the human imagination, and make the world more just. Health Promotion Teaching Plan Anita Moore Jacksonville University School of Nursing June 17, Health Promotion Teaching Plan My emphasis in this assignment is to develop, implement, and assess a teaching plan concentrated on good nutrition and daily exercise for school age children.
Plan and/or participate in community health education; Educate the client on actions to promote/maintain health and prevent disease (e.g., smoking cessation, diet, weight loss) registered nurses plan and/or participate in community health educational programs.
Health promotion and disease prevention can be facilitated when the nurse. Employers. The main employer of health promotion specialists in the UK is the NHS via primary care trusts. Other employers include: British Red Cross. Health is the ability to adapt and manage physical, mental and social challenges throughout life.
As defined by the World Health Organization (WHO), health is "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." This WHO definition has been subject to controversy, as it may have limited .