The Global Literature in Libraries Initiative by Judith Sage and Chrissy Bellizzi on July 28, Global Literature in Libraries GLLIa new initiative spearheaded by translators and advocates for translation, has been established with the goal of increasing awareness of international literature within the library community, with a special emphasis on contemporary fiction. GLLI members include translators and publishers who are working with public, school, and academic librarians to increase the visibility of translated literature.
Literature Review Researchers have long been intrigued by the media's effect on the national agenda, and how public opinion is formed. Several theories have been proposed to address this phenomenon. In this capstone, we examined two theories: Agenda-Setting Theory In Walter Lippmannewspaper columnist, first posed the idea that the mass media shapes public perception with images.
Lippman's notion, based on the public's limited first-hand knowledge of the real world, created the foundation for what has come to be known as agenda-setting.
The agenda-setting theory maintains the media plays an influential part in how issues gain public attention. Bernard Cohen's statement in predicted "the press may not be successful much of the time in telling people what to think, but it is stunningly successful in telling its readers what to think about" p.
Whether social or political, local or national, public issues are generated by the media. McCombs and Shaw's study of mediated affects on the presidential campaign nullified previous assumptions that information and how it is presented has an attitudinal effect inducing behavior changes.
Their groundbreaking efforts focused on issue awareness and relevance not behavior and attitude, concluding "the mass media exerted a significant influence on what voters considered to be the major issues of the campaign" Infante, et al.
Triggering devices, surmise Cobb and Eldercue action during a point in time and propel an issue up the policy agenda. Ironically, during the time of the Ethiopian crisis, Brazil was simultaneously experiencing the worst drought in its history. Without pictures there was no story Boot, And attractive people as reporters and anchors are much more on display on television than in newspapers" p.
Gitlin suggests that mass media influence has become the principle distribution system of ideology. People are only familiar with their own "tiny regions of social life" Gitlin,p.
While agenda-setting theory has its critics, the media's influence is no more evident than in the coverage of events since September S military members as "high" to "very high" on honesty and ethics, and the public is solidly behind the military and the president in the "War on Terrorism" Gallup, ; Hickey, Development of Cultivation Theory Cultivation theory, developed by George Gerbner instates television has the power to influence our reality, and it is "primarily responsible for our perceptions of day-to-day norms and reality Infante et al.
Gerbner believed television was a central part of the American culture, and because of this it has become the main source of information in American society.
This concern for the prominence of television in America led to the development and further research of cultivation theory.
Gerbner tested his research using comparisons of light to heavy television viewers and their perceptions of reality. He and his associates found heavy-television viewers are more likely to perceive the world as it was portrayed on television.
Hawkins and Pingree expand the study. Hawkins and Pingree attempted to expand on Gerbner's cultivation theory hypothesis by looking at the learning processes involved. Their research focused on demographic conditions that included age and viewing habits and psychological conditions that included cognitive ability and perception of television reality.
Additionally, they discovered cultivation theory could not be explained away by researched conditions. Criticisms of cultivation theory. Although early data supported cultivation theory, researchers still criticized Gerbner's hypothesis Infante et al. Critics such as Michael Hughes and Paul Hirsch believed Gerbner's research was flawed and oversimplified.
Hughes felt television in American society may be related to the diffusion of culture and to alterations in social structure, both of which affect the behavior of virtually all persons regardless of how much television they watch Hughes, Hughes and Hirsch reanalyzed Gerbner's research using the same techniques Gerbner used.Disease and Stigma: A Review of Literature Michele L.
Pettit Abstract of stigma is provided along with an historical overview of disease and stigma and research trends related to three public health perils-AIDS, mental illness, and obesity. (Herek & Capitanio, ), increased awareness about the manner in which the virusldisease is. Only one has involved a systematic review focusing specifically on media campaigns; this covered depression awareness campaigns as well as suicide prevention campaigns and is now somewhat dated (Dumesnil & Verger, Dumesnil, H., & Verger, P.
(). 6 Human Rights Public Awareness Survey in Yemen The main achievement of the survey is that it has produced, for the first time in Yemen, a reliable set of findings about the state of human rights awareness among the public in Yemen.
AWARENESS MESSAGING: A LITERATURE REVIEW FOR THE WELLINGTON GUELPH DRUG STRATEGY. MAY Taylor Anne Grills*, Aarabhi Rajendiran*, Alexandra Sawatzky** • Examine how existing public health messaging initiatives have engaged youth in the development of messaging.
E-cigarettes: a review of the literature. Anchorage, AK, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Public Health, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services. Review of literature has vital relevance with any research work due to literature review the possibility of repetition of study can be eliminated and another dimension can be selected for the study.