Problems encountered in writing african history

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Problems encountered in writing african history

For this purpose historians have to employ various sources in order to gather information on African history. Material remains left by man are called artifacts. They may include spears, knives, ports, beads, paintings, coins, buildings among others and they constitute material culture.

The study of artefacts helps historians learn about the material culture of African communities in the past. They also study remains of plants and skeletons of the man and the animals also known as fossils. Archeologists can tell the appearance of the people for example height or size by looking at the skeletons.

The study of fossils can also help determine the type of animals kept. Archeologists obtain information by digging up fossils.

Such areas are called archeological sites. Some sites may be discovered by people as they go about their work, for example digging. Historians can also study old buildings or artefacts and fossils which are not buried in the ground.

problems encountered in writing african history

The studying of ruins can help get information on economic activities, religious beliefs, burial customs and artefacts or fossils. Archeologists follow the principle that deeper layers are older than those on top. To establish the dates or chronology of historical events fossils and artefacts are tested using radio carbon dating or carbon This can be tested to determine when a human being or animal died.

Why archeology is an important source of history -Archeology has been used to reconstruct the history of African communities which had no writing skills or acquired literacy very late; for example, the Khoisan in South Africa.

Problems encountered in collecting archeological information: As a result some historical information cannot be obtained. As a result the few excavated sites have been used to provide information about other communities where there are no excavations.

Such information may be misleading.Thus, at its 16th Session (), the General Conference of UNESCO invited the Director-General to undertake the elaboration of a General History of Africa. In this framework, the General History of Africa was written and published in eight volumes, with a main edition in English, French and Arabic.

Robert O. Collins, emeritus professor of history at University of California, Santa Barbara, has written numerous books on the history of Africa, the Sudan, and the Nile. A study of problems in African history during the pre-colonial era. The author guides the reader through a range of theories and interpretations concerning issues relating to: Africa and Egypt; Bantu origins and migration; African states .

Problem Problems Faced in the Writing of History P r o b l oe lm o s F r a Problem P r o b l e m “A very good book, full of historiographical wisdom. I recommend it strongly as a sure and encouraging guide to budding historians be-.

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Apr 26,  · The Issues and Problems of Historical Writing M.I. Finley, Ancient History: Evidence and Models M. I. Finley is an accomplished historian who specializes in ancient history, and in this book, he presents the fundamental and important issues about problems of writing histories from his own experiences and observations.

Apr 26,  · The Issues and Problems of Historical Writing M.I. Finley, Ancient History: Evidence and Models M. I. Finley is an accomplished historian who specializes in ancient history, and in this book, he presents the fundamental and important issues about problems of writing histories from his own experiences and observations.

General History of Africa - Wikipedia