This was originally not just a translation used for philosophy, but was also commonly a translation for logos in the sense of an account of money. The meaning of the word "reason" in senses such as "human reason" also overlaps to a large extent with " rationality " and the adjective of "reason" in philosophical contexts is normally " rational ", rather than "reasoned" or "reasonable". Philosophy can be described as a way of life based upon reason, and in the other direction reason has been one of the major subjects of philosophical discussion since ancient times.
Overview[ edit ] In certain residential areas, largely rurallarge tracts of land may have no services whatever, thus residents seeking services must use a motor vehicle or other transport, so the need for transport has resulted in land development following existing or planned transport infrastructure such as rail and road.
Development patterns may be regulated by restrictive covenants contained in the deeds to the properties in the development, and may also result from or be reinforced by zoning.
Restrictive covenants are not easily changed when the agreement of all property owners many of whom may not live in the area is required. The area so restricted may be large or small. Residential areas may be subcategorized in the concentric zone model and other schemes of urban geography. New inner city residences in Manhattan Residential area in Brooklyn about a century after it was developed Residential development is real estate development for residential purposes.
Some such developments are called a subdivisionwhen the land is divided into lots with houses constructed on each lot. Such developments became common during the late nineteenth century, particularly in the form of streetcar suburbs. In previous centuries, residential development was mainly of two kinds.
Poor urban people lived in shantytowns or in tenements built for rental. Single-family houses were seldom built on speculationthat is for future sale to residents not yet identified. When cities and the middle class expanded greatly and mortgage loans became commonplace, a method that had been rare became commonplace to serve the expanding demand for home ownership.
Post—World War II economic expansion in major cities of the United States, especially New York City and Los Angeles produced a demand for thousands of new homes, which was largely met by speculative building.
Its large-scale practitioners disliked the term "property speculator" and coined the new name "residential development" for their activity. Entire farms and ranches were subdivided and developed, often with one individual or company controlling all aspects of entitlement permitsland development streets and gradinginfrastructure utilities and sewage disposaland housing.
Communities like Levittown, Long Island or Lakewood south of Los Angeles saw new homes sold at unprecedented rates—more than one a day. Many techniques which had made the automobile affordable made housing affordable: Mass production resulted in a similar uniformity of product, and a more comfortable lifestyle than cramped apartments in the cities.
With the advent of government-backed mortgages, it could actually be cheaper to own a house in a new residential development than to rent.
Minor entrance monument, early 20th century As with other products, continual refinements appeared. Curving streets, greenbelt parks, neighborhood pools, and community entry monumentation appeared.
Diverse floor plans with differing room counts, and multiple elevations different exterior "looks" for the same plan appeared.
Developers remained competitive with each other on everything, including location, community amenities, kitchen appliance packages, and price. Today, a typical residential development in the United States might include traffic calming features, such as a slowly winding streetdead-end roador looped road lined with homes.
Suburban developments help form the stereotypical image of a "suburban America," and are generally associated with the American middle-class. Most offer homes in a narrow range of age, price, size and features, thus potential residents having different needs, wishes or resources must look elsewhere.
Some residential developments are gated communities. Problems with residential developments[ edit ] Criticisms of residential developments may include: They do not mesh well with the greater community.
Some are isolated, with only one entrance, or otherwise connected with the rest of the community in few ways. Being commuter townsthey serve no more purpose for the greater community than other specialized settlements do, and thus require residents to go to the greater community for commercial or other purposes.
Whereas mixed-use developments provide for commerce and other activities, thus residents need not go as often to the greater community.The answer is the geometric mean.
If you calculate this geometric mean you get approximately , so the average rate of return is about 28% (not 30% which is what the arithmetic mean of 10%, 60%, and 20% would give you).
Why you need to use statistics in your research This chapter explains the importance of statistics, and why you need to use statistics to analyse your data.
with because descriptive statistics are used in everyday life in areas such as government, healthcare, business, and sport. 2. Roads and buildings constructed in flood-prone areas are exposed to increased flood hazards, including inundation and erosion, as new development continues.
Information about streamflow and how it is affected by land use can help communities reduce their current and future vulnerability to floods. A residential area is a land used in which housing predominates, as opposed to industrial and commercial areas.
Housing may vary significantly between, and through, residential areas. Housing may vary significantly between, and through, residential areas. After all, the practical reason why, when the power is once in the hands of the people, a majority are permitted, and for a long period continue, to rule, is not because they are most likely to be in the right, nor because this seems fairest to the minority, but because they are physically the strongest.
Reason is the capacity for consciously making sense of things, establishing and verifying facts, applying logic, and changing or justifying practices, institutions, and beliefs based on new or existing information.
It is closely associated with such characteristically human activities as philosophy, science, language, mathematics, and art and is normally .